Before addiction therapy for alcohol or drug dependency can begin in earnest, addicts have to come off the addictive substance. The process can be grueling, and the best approach to use is medical detox.
Medical detox programs are conducted by experienced professionals who will monitor the patient’s physical and mental progress throughout the detoxification process. For more information on how to enter a program, call Drug Treatment Centers Kissimmee at (321) 697-7113.
Medical detox from alcohol or drugs refers to withdrawing from the addictive substance under medical supervision. Withdrawal symptoms can be severe, and addicts can be at risk of dying in extreme cases. By using medical detoxification, addicts have access to trained medical personnel to ease the withdrawal process.
The program for every individual is different, and programs may differ between centers offering medical detoxification. Patients respond best in residential detoxification facilities. In most cases, the patient will undergo rapid medical detoxification and can no longer take drugs or drink alcohol. He or she will be given medication to offset withdrawal symptoms. This is to help the body cope with the withdrawal.
Some detox centers prefer a phased withdrawal, where the addictive substance is given in ever-decreasing doses until it is eliminated completely.
Withdrawal from alcohol or other addictive substances puts the body under stress. The degree of stress will vary depending on several different factors, but it can be severe and even pose a threat to life.
Patients withdrawing from alcohol can suffer fatal seizures. Additionally, hallucinations and delusions may occur, and patients in withdrawal can seriously injure themselves warding off imaginary threats.
,h2>Types of Detox Programs
Doctors will decide on which medications are most likely to benefit the patient. The treatment will be monitored throughout the detox process, and medications may be changed, or dosages altered.
In some cases, addicts will be offered alternative drugs that are considered less harmful than the one to which they are addicted. Methadone is widely used as a heroin replacement. Suboxone is used in the treatment of other types of opiate addiction.
Alcohol withdrawal can often be eased by administering benzodiazepines, such as diazepam. Neurontin is used to treat seizures that can occur during alcohol withdrawal.
Disulfiram, marketed as Antabuse, is used to discourage drinking. It reacts with alcohol to make it taste extremely unpleasant. It can help prevent relapse. Naltrexone is another drug that helps alcoholics resist relapse.
Bupropion has proved useful as an aid to quitting tobacco.
Without the medical intervention that specialists can bring, a huge percentage of addicts will relapse during withdrawal. The symptoms and cravings are so severe that most people cannot last through the process. Unassisted detox most often results in relapse.
During withdrawal, all the physical symptoms are caused by the body trying to adjust to the absence of the drug or substance. That is why pretty much the same symptoms occur regardless of the addictive substance from which a person is withdrawing.
However, seizures, hallucinations and paranoia are more common when withdrawing from alcohol. Diarrhea, increased respiration and abdominal cramps often occur during withdrawal from opiates like OxyContin and heroin. Teeth grinding, depression and overeating often accompany withdrawal from meth.
Even if the addict has other people around when coming off drugs, those people will not have the training, the resources or the skills to intervene appropriately. Residential medical detox is a much safer option. Residential medical detox also greatly reduces the risk of relapse during the withdrawal process.